These four men were residents of Knox County, Ohio when the Civil War started. They enlisted together at Camp Andrews (near Mount Vernon, Ohio) in late 1861. They mustered out together on July 13, 1865. From left:
enlisted Nov. 25, 1861 at age 21
enlisted Nov. 4, 1861 at age 26
enlisted Nov. 1, 1861 at age 20
enlisted Dec. 12, 1861 at age 18
They enlisted together in a Knox County company being raised by William Walker, who served as company captain until spring 1862. Company K joined the 43rd Ohio Volunteer Infantry and left Ohio in Feb. 1862. With 3 other Ohio regiments, they formed the “Ohio Brigade,” commanded by Col. John Fuller. They served for the duration of the war.
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The following letter was published in the New York Times the month the war began in 1861, written by a veteran soldier who remained anonymous.
April 24, 1861
To the Editor of the New York Times:
Allow an old soldier who has seen service to offer a few practical suggestions to our men who are marching South.
Avoid drinking water as much as possible while marching. When you feel dry rinse your mouth with water, but do not swallow it. Water alone should not be drank, but mixed with vinegar; or a little cold coffee is the only wholesome beverage in a campaign.
While marching or on sentry never sit down for a second-bear up! The change of posture will affect your powers more than the actual marching.
Have plenty of buttons, needle and thread, rags of linen and some strong twine in your knapsack — you will all want it.
White linen gaiters over brogans are the best, boots offering too much reflection to the sun’s rays. The gaiters are made white and shiny again by applying a mixture of common chalk and water with a rag or sponge, and let the gaiter get dry under the air or sun.
If you have a long march in warm weather before you, cut off the body of your pantaloons to the middle of the thigh and sew the legs to your drawers, fastening the suspenders to the drawers, it will relieve you greatly. Drawers are essential.
Keep a vial of sweet oil and every night rub your gun with a rag dipped in oil. In the morning, or when starting, rub a cream, it is the best way to preserve it from rust and keep it in working order. When not using it put a piece of cork or something else in the mouth of your gun to keep out the dust, rain, &c.
When marching, put some of the weight you have to carry on your breast — for instance, part of the cartridges, so as to relieve and counterpoise the weight to be carried.
Have some lard in a small tin box to grease your boots or shoes with, to keep them smooth and sort, particularly in wet weather or passing through a swampy country.
When on the march never let a weak comrade get behind the company — assist him in carrying on load. When once left behind he is at questionable mercies of the rear guard, and may perish before the ambulance comes up.
Finally, avoid spirituous liquors as you would poison.